My Childrens’ Polish DNA and Genealogy

In a previous Blog, I noticed that my children’s’ Ancestry Thru-Lines had new suggested Polish ancestors.

These are the Thru-Lines for my son JJ. Thru-Lines suggests two new sets of Polish 4th great-grandparents based on DNA matches and genealogy.

The Current Polish Genealogy

JJ and Heather’s maternal grandfather was Polish. Here is his genealogy:

Looking at Polish genealogy is a bit new for me. The new Thru-Line ancestors above correspond to the potential ancestors in the tree above.

Thru-Lines for Wawrzyniec-Laurentius Ras

JJ shows 9 DNA matches in this LIne:

These matches actually go up to common ancestors with Antoni Ras who is already in JJ’s tree. However, those matches must have trees that have their ancestors going back another generation to Wawrzyniec. I hope he had a nickname. I wonder how the name was pronounced. 

When I further open up the Thru-Lines I see the common ancestor is actually with a daughter of Antoni named Marya:

This shows that JJ has 2 DNA matches on the Cecylia Jarek line and 7 DNA matches on his great-grandfather’s Francis Jarek line.

These families lived in Odrzykon, in SE Poland:

I can assume that due to war and poverty, it was a good idea for these families to move to Lowell, Massachusetts.

Evaluating Wawrzyniec-Laurentius Ras

When I click on Wawrzyniec at Thru-Lines, I get this:

This shows that rm and mc have trees with Wawrzyniec them. Rm has a DNA match to JJ:

MC doesn’t show up on JJ’s Thru-Lines, but does show as a DNA match to JJ:

My guess is that MC didn’t link his DNA results to his tree. That is confirmed here:

However, MC is on the Cecylia Jarek Line:

MC is also a generation below RM, so the DNA match is smaller.

RM’s Tree

RM has the better tree in this area:

Here is the tree I made:

The Francis in my tree is Heather and JJ’s great-grandfather and is RM’s Franciscus born 1879. RM has a Joannis born 1881. This is the John J born 1883 in my tree.

Apparetly RM found some information on a trip to Poland. He has a christening date for Antoni Ras:

That must be where he got the names of Antoni’s parents:

Ancestry gives me a different suggestion for the parents of Antoni, but I better go with what RM has. I also added in Cecylia Jarek to the Tree. This gets out to Heather and JJ’s first  Polish fourth great-grandparents:

Gryzbala – Galuska Ancestors

Now Ras and Dulezanka are not in green as I added them in. Next are Grzybala and Galuska. I notice that the l’s in their names look different, but I kept the English l’s. Here is JJ’s Thru-Line for Tomasz:

JJ has one DNA match through Maciej and the rest of the matches are more recent matches. When I choose the evaluate button above, one of the trees goes back to RM:

This tree shows Regina but not Maciej Grzybala. However, when I click on Maciej, I get three trees. This is from the first tree:

This seems like enough evaluation, so I’ll add in Tomasz and Anna:

More on Grzybala DNA

It turns out that the person from whose tree I borrowed above (Jacek) has also tested their DNA and posted his results at Gedmatch. Here is how JJ and Jacek match at Gedmatch:

It turns out that Jacek also posted his tree at Gedmatch. I’ll try to rewrite the connection:

 

John is the match at Ancestry and Jacek is the match at Gedmatch.

John is from Ancestry. He is JJ and Heather’s 4th cousin once removed and matches JJ at 20 cM. Jacek matches JJ at 32.4 cM which is on the high side for a 5th cousin once removed. Here are some posted statistics:

Based on the above, I should be adding in the next generation of ancestors:

Painting Polish DNA

Based on JJ’s Gedmatch match with Jacek, I can paint in some Grzybala/Szarek DNA. So far, I have only two pairs of maternal ancestors identified for JJ:

Here I chose yellow for the new match:

I thought this new match would get JJ above 15% painted on his maternal side, but it didn’t.

Heather only maches Jacek on Chromosome 5. Heather’s match on Chromosome 5 overlaps with existing DNA matches from RM’s family as does JJ.

Summary and Conclusions

  • I was able to bring Heather and JJ’s Polish ancestry back another generation or two on two different lines.
  • This genealogy was supported by DNA matches.
  • One line got as far back as the 1700’s in Poland.
  • I was able to do this with the help of other researchers who have also taken DNA tests.
  • While I brought the Ras and Grzybala lines back, more work is still needed on the Wozniak and Letkowicz Lines.
  • I have names and dates, but it would be nice to learn some more about the places where these ancestors lived in Poland.
  • I was able to paint the DNA of one match who had posted his DNA at Gedmatch and posted his family tree there also.

Continue reading “My Childrens’ Polish DNA and Genealogy”

Genealogy for Heather and JJ: Part 11 – Jeremiah Warren Born 1812 Ireland

This is a follow-up on Part 10.

Jeremiah Warren Born 1812 Ireland

Here is Jeremiah at the top of Heather and JJ’s maternal grandmother’s tree:

Here is Jeremiah’s birth record on his Naturalization index card:

Perhaps there is more information in Lowell or at the National Archives. Jeremiah was born in Ireland, but I don’t know where yet.

Mary Kelly (1812-1854)

Much of what I have about Jeremiah’s wife Mary Kelly is from death records:

Mary died at Cross Street in Lowell in 1854. The names of her parents are given as John and Ann Kelly. Mary died of consumption which is: “a wasting disease, especially pulmonary tuberculosis”. Here is Cross Street:

Here is Mary in the 1850 Census:

This was an $8,000 house, which seems quite expensive for the day. Note that daughter Bridget was born while Mary and Jeremiah were in Nova Scotia. Bridget’s death record adds that she was born in Halifax. I included the following family as they were from Nova Scotia. James Dalton was a Shoe maker. I notice that there was a Jeremiah who served in the Civil War who was a shoe maker at one point in his life:

Some More On Jeremiah Warren (1812-1857)

Here is Jeremiah in 1855:

This would have been shortly after the death of his wife Mary. Daughter Bridget married John Sullivan in May this same year, so she must have just moved out of the house at the time of the 1855 Census:

That left Jeremiah five boys to take care of on his own. Two years later Jeremiah dies. However, here is something to ponder:

Jeremiah is said to be 65 on his death record. If Jeremiah was born 1812, he would have been 45 in 1857. It appears to say he was married. However, he may have re-married. It also says that he died of old age. That leads me to this marriage record in 1856:

Here a Jeremiah Warren marries a Mary Cahill. Jeremiah has somehow gotten younger and then the next year, he ages 30 years.

After Jeremiah

In my previous Blog on the subject, I noted no Jeremiah Warren in the 1858 Lowell City Directory. However, a widow Mary appears:

This must be Mary Cahill. Unfortunately, she was to have a short marriage of a year and a half.

Two years later, Mary was appointed administratix:

Mary had three months to come up with an inventory.

This shows that John had seven children:

It looks like I missed the last child James. This must be James. However, he did not live long:

Jeremiah’s Children

I believe that the oldest three boys served in the Civil War: Robert, Thomas and Jeremiah.

Bridget, the only daughter married John Sullivan.

Here is Bridget in 1865 taking care of John and Patrick. I have that John was born in 1845, so shouldn’t he be 20 in 1865? Was this to keep him out of the Civil War? And what happened to Jeremiah’s second wife?

Robert J Warren

The oldest son married Margaret Kelly in 1862. He is likely listed as James in the 1870 Census:

He was a painter. He was listed here as born in Ireland, but I don’t think that is right. Robert died six years later in 1876.

In this record, he shows as being born in Boston. I checked and this is likely his baptismal record:

This would be one of the earliest records of the family in Massachusetts. That makes sense that he would be born in Boston if his older sister Bridget was born on the way from Ireland to Massachusetts in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Thomas A Warren Born 1840 Lowell

So the Warren family made it’s way from Ireland to Halifax to Boston to Lowell.  Thomas married Mary Jane White in 1861. Here he is in the 1865 Lowell City Directory:

I get the impression that Thomas served in the Civil War.

Thomas ended up in Maine:

Thomas died in 1906 and his body was shipped back to his brother Jeremiah who lived at Cross Street, Lowell:

I suppose that’s a good lead-in to Jeremiah

Jeremiah Warren Born 1842 Lowell

Jeremiah married for the second time in 1872:

Here is Jeremiah in 1870:

Perhaps his first wife had died by this time as he is living with Francis aged 2.

Here is Jeremiah and Ellen with son Albert in 1880:

Here is the same family at Cross Street, Lowell in 1900:

Jeremiah died in 1908 at 27 Cross Street – two years after his brother Thomas died and was shipped to Lowell.

Patrick H Warren (1853-1875)

Before I get to John Warren, I’ll look at John’s younger brother Patrick. In 1870, Patrick was living with his older brother Thomas in Boston:

Patrick died at age 22 of Consumption at Lincoln Street, Lowell:

John J Warren (1845-1882)

John J Warren is my best guess for the father of John Edward Warren aka Cavanaugh. Here is the published record for John’s birth:

I believe that C.R. means cemetery record. John shows as being 5 in the 1850 Census. As the 1850 Census was taken on June 1st, John would probably been 4 at the time of the Census if his above birth date is right.

John’s mother died before he was 10. I lose track of the family in 1860, but by 1865, John’s father Jeremiah had also died and John was living with his married sister Bridge Sullivan.

John J Warren and Bridget J Welch

Here is a marriage on November 11, 1866 between young John and Bridget:

They were both born and living in Lowell and here are their parents:

  • Mary J was born to this couple in 1867
  • Margaret was born in 1869. In this record, it says that Bridget was born in Boston
  • Bridget T Warren was born in 1871. In this record both parents are reported as born in Ireland.
  • Thomas G Warren was born in 1875.

Mother Bridget died in September 1878 at age 30.

Here is widowed John J with his four children living on 7 Bleachery Street on June 7, 1880:

12 year old Mary J was home ‘keeping house’.

John Warren, Louisa Gately and John E Warren aka Cavanaugh

Based on this record for John E Warren aka Cavanaugh, John E Warren son of John [Warren] and Louisa Gately married ‘Laoner’ M. Morrow in 1911:

This marriage record for John E Warren record states that John Warren and Louisa Gately were the parents of John E Warren. One interesting thing about this record is that there is no record of the Cavanaugh name. For whatever reason, John chose to omit the Cavanaugh name on his marriage record. Louisa was technically a Cavanaugh at this point and John E went by John Edward Cavanaugh for most of his life.

Seven and three quarter years after his marriage, here is John Edward’s WWI Registration Card where he gives the date of his birth:

Assuming this birth date to be correct, Louisa would have been past mid-term in her pregnancy with John Edward at the time of the 1880 Census:

Louisa lived at 38 Bleachery Street.

John J Warren worked at the bleachery. Louisa worked at U.S. Bunting. This was a company that made material for the US flag. Louisa’s husband Michael Cavanaugh also worked at the bleachery before his death in 1872.

John J Warren died less than two years after the birth of John Edward Warren/Cavanaugh in 1882 of an ‘accidental drowning’. Probably in Amesbury.

Any Holes In the Story?

I have tried to show the history leading from Jeremiah Warren to John Edward Warren aka Cavanaugh. Are there any holes in the story? I think the story holds together, but there are a few questions or issues:

  • I have not found a birth record for John Edward Warren/Cavanaugh. Perhaps there is a baptismal record for him.
  • Why didn’t John J Warren marry Louisa Gately Cavanaugh?
  • I am sure that there must be a newspaper article or two on the drowning of John J Warren. That would be interesting to read.
  • Why did John Edward go by Warren in his marriage record, then go by Cavanaugh after that?
  • John Edward is difficult to trace in his later life and his death record has not yet been found

 

 

 

 

Genealogy for Heather and JJ: Part 9 – 200 Years of Canadian Ancestry

In my previous Blog I had some breakthroughs on Heather and JJ’s Boudria (also spelled Boudrias) Line. In this Blog, I’d like to look at the Barbary side (mother of Joseph Tessier aka Tacy) and more into Phoebe, the wife of Joseph Tessier. I have been using the Genealogy of Canada Website, so I’ll continue with that.

First Phoebe

I have had trouble finding out Phoebe’s last name. I had Sawyer then took it out. Then I noticed a Tessier tree had Phoebe as Phoebe Sawyer. At the Genealogy of Canada Website, I see Joseph’s father Salomon, but not Joseph:

Here is Ste-Therese where Salomon Tessier was born:

So I am still stuck figuring out who Phoebe is

Barbary and Barbary

Next, I’ll move on the the double Barbary line:

Joseph and Marie Barbary

I’m curious to see if the parents of Marguerite Amable Barbary are related to each other. Chances are they should be. They are both dit Grandmaison. Dit is a nickname. Pehaps this line lived in a large house.  Marguerite’s father, Joseph was born in Pointe-Claire on the Island of Montreal in 1776 and died in Ste-Placide to the West of Montreal:

Marie Barbary is more difficult to find. Her estimated birth year is 1783. Here are the couple in 1851 in Ste-Placide:

Joseph is listed as 76 ans and Marie shows as 64 ans. Based on this Census, she could have been born in 1787. Ancestry guesses at 1788, so I’ll use that. Here is Ste-Placide by the  St Lawrence River.

Barbary in the 1750’s

Joseph and Andre were both born in the 1750’s when the United States was still a British Colony:

Joseph was born in Point-Claire and Andre was born not far away:

Agathe Robidoux was from Deux-Montagnes:

Three Generations From Marguerite Amable Barbary

I have all of Maruerite’s four grandparents. The next step takes us to Marguerite’s eight great-grandparents.

Unfortunately Marguerite’s maternal grandmother Agathe Labrosse died when she was 24. With my translator on I see that Labrosse could mean “the brush”.  Most of Marguerite’s great-grandparents were from Point-Claire. Most of this generation also lived through the year 1760. That was the year that Montreal was surrendered to the British following the Battle at the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City. Montreal did not become a City until 1832. It was not long after this time that Heather and JJ’s 3rd and 4th great grandparents Joseph and Solomon Tessier aka Tacy made their move South over the border into Upstate New York.

Marguerite Amable’s 2nd Great-Grandparents

The next logical step is to look for Marguerite’s 16 2nd great-grandparents. The first of this generation of Marguerite’s ancestors that I looked at was Raymond Labrosse. He was born in France in 1695:

This town was about 60 miles north of Lyon. So this is the generation where some of the ancestors were born in France. Other things I want to look for:

  • A possible Barbary common ancestor
  • the filles du roi – more about these women later

Pierre Barbary Dit Grandmaison and Marie-Fracoise Pare

Both of Marguerite’s parents had the same last name.  Joseph and Marie Barbary were second cousins to each other. Their common ancestors were Pierre Barbary born 1677 and Marie-Francsoise Pare born 1682.

The Filles Du Roi

Filles du Roi means daughters of the king. These were women who came to New France or the Quebec area under King Louis XIV. Basically, there was a shortage of women in Quebec. The plan was to pay the way of about 800 women as wives for the colonists. These woman were to make the area more civilized and create new families. There was a concern that the British Colony had too much in the way of population compared to New France. It has become a big deal to see if you are descended from the 800 women who came to Quebec between 1663 and 1673.  It will take going back a generation or two to see if Heather and JJ descend from any filles du roi. There is a strict rule that it was only the women who arrived between 1663 and 1673 that count. That means that if a woman came at, say, age 20-25, then she would have been born about 1638-1653, although I’m sure there were outliers.

So far, I have found one person that could meet that criteria:

I have been accepting ancestor hints like crazy, as it would take too long to check up on all these ancestors. This woman is Jacqueline Barn. That doesn’t sound particularly like a French name.

She would be Heather and JJ’s 10th great-grandmother. That sounds impressive. Imagine how many 10th great-grandparents you have. Let’s see, 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great-grandparents:

  • 2nd GGP – 16
  • 3rd GGP – 32
  • 4th GGP – 64
  • 5th GGP – 128
  • 6th GGP – 256
  • 7th GGP – 512
  • 8th GGP – 1024
  • 9th GGP – 2048
  • 10th GGP – 4096

So if the suggestions were right at Ancestry, then Jacqueline Barn is about one four thousandths of Heather and JJ.

Unfortunately I couldn’t find Barn or Glory on the Filles Du Roi lists.

Next, Let’s Try Jeanne Barbier

Jean is a mere 9th grandmother to Heather and JJ:

Jeanne’s daughter Marie Jeanne Plummereau Latreille didn’t have an Ancestry hint, so I had to look at a marriage record and accept someone else’s parents from their tree. Here is Jeanne on a list:

The contract is the marriage.

Unfortunately, I don’t know much about Jeanne.

Here is Rethel in the Champagne Region:

Here is Chambly, Quebec:

Here is another list:

Many times these women were marrying soldiers to fight on the frontier. Notice that Jeanne Barbier’s first contract was canceled. My understanding is, as these women were quite a precious commodity, they could choose their own husband which would have been quite a role reversal for the 1600’s. My guess is that Jeanne didn’t get along with Bernard or that he wasn’t rich enough or attractive enough. Perhaps he had fleas, body odor and missing teeth.

Summary and Conclusions

  • First, I took another shot at identifying Joseph Tessier Tacy’s wife Phoebe’s surname, but had no luck.
  • Secondly, I looked into Joseph Tessier’s Barbary line. Maguerite Amable Barbary was Joseph’s mother.
  • Marguerite Barbary’s parents were 2nd cousins to each other. I traced both their lines.
  • Next, I looked for a Fille Du Roi for Heather and JJ. The second choice I looked at was Jeanne Barbier who was a Fille Du Roi. Jeanne was born around 1649 in the Champagne Region of France.

 

 

 

Visually Phasing Heather and JJ’s DNA

I started visually phasing my two children, Heather and JJ’s DNA in this Blog. I was having trouble getting the Steven Fox Visual Phasing Spreadsheet to work, so I just used Excel.

The Steven Fox Visual Phasing Spreadsheet

I got this spreadsheet working. It doesn’t like you to cut and paste numbers, so I typed them in. In my previous Blog I mentioned above, I came up with this for Heather and JJ’s Chromosome 5:

The paternal side is easy because Heather and JJ’s Rathfelder grandmother has tested. Where she matches them on the paternal side is Rathfelder. Where she doesn’t match Heather and JJ is Hartley DNA. The maternal side is more difficult. The green above is Jarek. I found some Jarek relatives that helped there. I couldn’t find a Cavanaugh relative and uploaded JJ and Heather’s AncestryDNA results to FTDNA. There, I found Martha, who is a 1st cousin once removed. That is perfect for phasing. Martha is related to Heather and JJ on the Cavananaugh side only.

Here is the Fox Spreadsheet:

I set the vertical lines to match the areas above where JJ and Heather match each other. Below is JJ and Heather’s maternal grandmother’s match which will be the Rathfelder side. Next I put in Rathfelder and Hartley based on the match below:

Jarek Cousin Robert

Next, I can fill in some Jarek DNA based on matches to Jarek cousin Robert:

Robert matches Heather more than JJ on the right, so that could be a maternal crossover for JJ:

Here is how Heather matches her Cavanaugh cousin Martha on Chromosome 5:

 

Heather’s match stops at 159M which is where I have a crossover line:

At the same area, JJ has a match with Martha from 150-166M.

Another Jarek Cousin

Jarek cousin Robert tested three of his relatives or siblings, I’m not sure which. This one helped:

Robert’s sibling’s DNA match goes over the crossover line, so that cannot be JJ’s crossover. I gave it to Heather. The crossover at 112 was already paternal, so I brought the Jarek DNA over. So far, on Chromosome 5, the Jarek DNA seems to be winning out between JJ and Heather. However, I have a problem. The Fox Spreadsheet has a feature called a segment map. It compares what you have mapped (bottom bar) versus what the actual comparison is between Heather and JJ (top bar).

 

The top bar needs to match the bottom bar. It does except for the 2nd and third segments I show above.  I missed the crossover before 112. However, I may be able to reason myself out of this jam.

Note that at position 129, there are already two crossovers. I think that there should only be one there. If I move Heather’s Cavanaugh DNA to left, that should solve the problem:

This is what I end up with. Now the bottom bar and the top bar match each other. I still don’t have the first maternal segment defined for Heather and JJ. It would look better if JJ had the crossover at 33.5M. It may be possible to figure this out by cousin matches.

Here are some of JJ’s maternal DNA matches from his match list:

JJ doesn’t have any matches going through 33.5M. The 10.7 and 14.6cM matches are where JJ matches Heather.

Here is the same portion on Heather’s maternal match list:

This shows that Heather’s matches do go at least a little way through 33.5, so it appears that JJ has the crossover at 33.5M:

This is true because maternal matches cannot go through a maternal crossover. That is true unless someone is related on the order of first cousin or closer.

From this, we see a few interesting things:

  • Heather and JJ will not have any Hartley side matches before 112M or what appears to be more than half of Chromosome 5
  • After position 129M, Heather and JJ will not have any Rathfelder matches.
  • Likewise, Heather and JJ will have no Cavanaugh matches between 33.5 and 74 and from 170.6 to the end of Chromosome 5.
  • Jarek DNA is missing between Heather and JJ only between 149.7 and 159.3.
  • All this information is important when trying to determine on what side your unknown DNA matches are on.

 

Genealogy for Heather and JJ: Part 8 – More French Canadian Ancestry

In my previous Blog, I wrote about Heather and JJ’s Tacy and Tessier heritage. I was able to trace Tacy back to Tessier in Canada outside of Montreal. They were farmers from the Parish of St. Benoit:

I couldn’t figure out Phoebe’s maiden name or much about her, but I traced Tessier and Bernard back to France in the 1600’s. I had some trouble tracing back the lines of Barbary, Boudria and Lejuiller.

Barbary

Barbary is a surname that I am unfamiliar with. A search on WikiTree shows about 82 Barbary’s there.

Marguerite Barbary

Let’s start with Marguerite. I have that she married Solomon Tessier. That was based on the baptismal record for their son Joseph Claude Tessier:

This shows that Joseph Claude Tessier was born on 20 February 1834 at the Parish of St. Benoit.

I had a surprise at WikiTree:

I was surprised to see someone had Maguerite Barbary married to Benjamin Clement on 21 Nov 1831. I have that she married Salomon Tessier on 16 May 1831.

Perhaps there were two Marguerite Barbary’s that got married in the same year in the same area outside Montreal. Wouldn’t that be confusing? I went forward in the St. Benoit Parish records and found this:

This is actually good to know as I was thinking that our Marguerite was the daughter of Francois Barbary. Let’s take a closer look. The November wedding has the bride being Marie Marguerite Grand maison. The Barbary is missing.

From the marriage record, I can’t figure out who the parents are of this Marie Marguerite. What this means is that I need to be very careful when I pick out the parents for Marguerite Barbary. Here is the WikiTree Marguerite:

The problem is that I don’t know if this tree is right or not. I think that the WikiTree Marguerite should be Marie Marguerite.

Finding the Right Marguerite Barbary

I see that Ancestry shows two Marguerite’s when I do a search:

Our Marguerite is supposed to be born about 1809 and the WikiTree Marguerite 1810. Here is the 1806 Baptism:

Here is the summary:

I can make out Amable on the record, but not so much Barbary after her father’s name. I’ll move on the to next record and come back to this if I have to.

Here is the 1814 Baptism:

Here is the summary:

It appears that this baptism is for the WikiTree Marguerite. I can read the parents and they are Francois Barbary and Marguerite Duroscher.

Back To 1806

That leaves the previous Baptismal record as the best available for Marguerite. However, it brings up a few questions. Why is she called Marguerite Amable? Perhaps Amable was a middle name for Marguerite. I don’t see much online for Amable genealogy. According to Ancestry, the Amable surname is very rare with only a handful in the US in 1880 and 1920.

Let’s try another route. Marguerite had a daughter named Harriet. She married Charles Jay or Gay in 1871 in Lowell. Charles was a 37-year-old mason:

Charles was living in Tewksbury at the time of his marriage. This was Charles’ second marriage.

Charles was born in Canada. Harriet’s birthplace is listed as Fort Livingston, but I think it should be Fort Covington.

I found a Charles Joy in the Massachusetts Marriage Index. I could also try that. I had trouble tracking this couple after they married. Perhaps it was due to confusion over the husband’s last name. My idea was to find a death record for Harriet but I had trouble finding the correct version of her last name.

Back To Giles At Geneanet

I had mentioned Giles in my previous Blog. He maintains quite the Tessier Tree. Perhaps Giles has some more clues for me:

Of note here is that Joseph’s wife is given as Phebe Sawyer. I had that as a possibility and then took the Sawyer name out. It looks like Joseph had quite a few siblings.

Giles used the same baptismal year that I used:

He also notes the day of birth.

Giles and Salomon

Here is Giles’ tree for Salomon:

 

Here it is easy to see why The marriage for Joseph Tessier and Marie Louise Boudrias was earlier than I thought it would be. They were busy having many babies before they had Salomon. Marie had children for 29 years? She must have started young. She was perhaps 16 when she had her first child.

Checking Boudria With Giles

Giles has this information for Marie Louise Boudrias:

Given the timing of her children, she would almost have to be born then. That makes my date wrong:

Giles to the rescue. I see that I have Marie Louise born in Aquitane France which doesn’t make sense either. I’ll just use Giles better information. While I’m borrowing information, I’ll check out another web site:

This site has a fleece waterproof trouser ad. This tree even cites sources which sounds reputable. Again, this seems to show that my tree was wrong. Perhaps the Ancestry hints were not so good here. Using that site and a couple hopefully better Ancestry hints, I get this for Salomon Tessier’s ancestry:

Barbary At the Genealogy of Canada Website

I had good luck at the Genealogy of Canada Website, so I’ll continue on with Barbary.

This site has the same parents that I had for Marguerite, but it includes dates. I think I’ll stop here and continue in my next Blog.

Summary and Conclusions

  • Thanks to other websites, I was able to check the work that I had done – mostly on the ancestors of Salomon Tessier aka Solomon Tacy.
  • The different spelling of names, dit names, faded French writing and similar names in a similar area and time make it difficult to put a tree together.
  • The Ancestry Hints apparently run into the same problem and gave me some wrong hints.
  • All these families have interesting histories. However, I have to get the names and dates down first. For example, I read that the first Tessier to come to Montreal, Urbain, fought the Iriquois in the 1600’s. He was captured and managed to escape. However, he was missing one of his fingers as a result of his ordeal.

 

 

 

Genealogy for Heather and JJ: Part 7 – Tacy/Tessier

In my previous Blog, I made an important discovery. I found the birth record for my children’s maternal third great-grandfather Joseph Tacy baptized Joseph Claude (or Plaude?) Tessier. It is difficult to trace one’s ancestor across a border. This is due to language differences, changes in names, different political systems and differences in recording and availability of vital records.

Taking Tessier Back

French Canada has a very good and complete set of records. Once one is back to a certain time period, a lot of these records are in books. Let’s see how easy it is to trace Tacy, which we now know is Tessier, back into the history of Canada. In my previous Blog, I had this 1860 Census record:

This shows that there were three generations of Tacy living near each other. Now I know that Solomon is indeed the father of Joseph Tacy.

Solomon Tessier Born about 1808

When I search for Solomon Tessier at Ancestry, here is the first suggestion:

Here we have the French spelling for Solomon and Margret: Salomon and Marguerite. I’d like to take a closer look at this record:

I have to try to figure out the writing and then use an online translator. It looks like this couple married on the 16th of May 1831. I think that the names of Marguerite’s and Salomon’s parents should be in this record if I can find them.

Here is Salomon’s father:

Joseph is the first name followed by Tessier and the occupation. Looking at a French genealogical word list, this is my guess:

journalier day laborer, farmworker

Salomon’s mother’s name is not as simple:

I get the idea of the first two names. The last, I’m not so sure. Hopefully, someone else has figured this out before me.

It looks like I cut off the last part of the name in the previous image. Perhaps Baudria. [Looks like this ends up being Boudria.]

Marguerite’s Parents

Marguerite Barbary’s dad’s name is also Joseph with the nickname grand maison (large house?). He looks to be a farmer also.

It looks like Marguerite’s mom was also a Barbary:

These last four ancestors must have been born in the 1700’s:

A Marriage for Joseph Tessier and Marie Louise Boudria

This marriage appeared at an earlier date than I expected. It is in the Drouin Collection, 1748-1786:

This must be 1785.

This document is easier to read, but doesn’t have much detail:

These are Notarial Records. Now Joseph Tessier is J Bte Texier. I think I see what happened:

Back up to the Drouin record. This says that Joseph Tessier is the son of Jean Baptiste Tessier, hence J. Bte. Texier. I wouldn’t recommend this Notary.

Joseph’s mom appears to be Marguerite Bernard:

Fortunately, at this point, I am beginning to get suggestions from Ancestry:

Both Jean Baptiste and Marguerite were entered under Ancestry suggestions. I note that Jean Baptiste is also Lavigne. This is a dit name which is sort of a nickname. I read under a family tree owner from my last Blog that Lavigne was so-called because one of the early Tessier’s liked wine.

Getting Past Marie Louise Boudria

Here is another Notarial Record for Marie:

This record is a Testament. Genealogical dictionary says that means last will which makes sense. Here is Terrebonne to the North of the Northernmost of the Three Montreal Rivers:

Marie’s dad is Joseph:

Marie’s mother:

After waiting a bit, I get a hint for Marie Louise. The hint is either Lejuiller (7 hints) or Leguiller (3 hints). I’ll play the odds with Lejuiller.

Here is a new tree:

This gets back to the 1600’s on some lines.

Chalon Sur Saone

One of Heather and JJ’s ancestors was from Chalon Sur Saone (or at least he died there). This is interesting as my wife, Marie, has been having a French exchange with this place for several years:

Here is one of my wife’s photos of Chalon from last year:

Jolicoeur was Jean Baptiste’s dit name: pretty heart?

Urbain Tessier

Urbain was the first Tessier from France. Here is where he appears to be from in France:

Urbain arrived in Montreal in 1648. The family stayed in the area for about 200 years. One part of that family then moved to New York. I read on one web site that Canada was running out of farm land around Montreal so French Canadians moved over the border to Upstate New York. Then opportunities were available for work in New England factories and many moved there for work. It was at that time that some of the Tacy’s moved to Lowell.

Summary and Conclusions

  • I was able to find many marriage and birth records for the Tessier family and their ancestors and spouses. These records in French handwriting are difficult to read but not impossible and follow a certain order or formula.
  • Once back to about the mid 1700’s, these ancestors were written into books which are available on Ancestry.com.
  • It is interesting to fairly easily follow these lines back to where these famiilies lived in France in the 1600’s. One line went back to a small town in France called Chalon sur Saone. Coincidentally, my French teacher wife has been having a school exchange with this Town for many years.
  • I still have not been able to identify the wife of Joseph Tessier who lived in Fort Covington, NY.
  • I also have not taken the Barbary and Boudria Lines back.

 

My Children’s Genealogy Part 6 – Continuing on the Cavanaugh Side

I took a break on my children’s maternal genealogy while I was waiting for Heather and JJ’s DNA results to come in. Those results have come in and I have some additional genealogical information from their mother Linda. The DNA so far has helped with the Jarek side. However, I’d like to get back into the Cavanaugh side.

The Cavanaugh Tree So Far

This is what I have:

The Cavanaugh/Warren Mystery

The controversial part may be that I have John J. Warren as the father of John E Cavanaugh. This is based on a few reasons. Basically, I have that John E Cavanaugh was going by John E Warren at the time of his marriage record and listed his father as John Warren. I have that Lousa Gately’s husband Michael Cavanaugh died 13 July 1872 – about 8 years before John E Cavanaugh was born. Finally, I have that there was a John J Warren who was a widower living in the neighborhood of Louisa Gately Cavanaugh at the time of John E Cavanaugh’s birth. For these reasons, Heather may have more English heritage vs. Irish than previously thought.

My former wife Linda sent me this information concerning John E. Cavanaugh:

DATE OF MARRIAGE:   1/16/1911–****??? Marriage record(Massachusetts Marriages, 1841-1915 index) of Laoner Morrow(Cavanaugh) shows her marrying a John E. Warren on 1/16/1911 listing Louisa Gately as his mother and a John Warren as his father.  Everyone in the family believes Laoner married John E. Cavanaugh and so is John E. Warren actually John E. Cavanaugh???? Or did Louisa have a baby by John Warren and Michael Cavanaugh raised him as his own?  Why did this man put John Warren down as his name when he went by John Cavanaugh????  Are all the Cavanaughs actually Warrens?  Also note that John E. Warren listed his age as 30—if he is actually John Cavanaugh, he was 41-he also falsified his age on his draft card in 1916.  John Cavanaugh is listed in birth records as the child of Louisa Gately and Michael Cavanah.

When Was John E Cavanaugh/Warren Born?

This family researcher, went down some of the same paths that I did. The major discrepancy between me and the Cavanaugh researcher above has to do with the date of birth of John E Cavanaugh. The Cavanaugh researcher has:

DATE OF BIRTH:    4/3/1870 on Lowell records; he put 8/24/1880 on WWI draft card

The Cavanaugh researcher favors the earlier birth date for John:

Births & Christenings record for Lowell shows him born on 4/3/1870

1870 census-  John Kavanagh  3 ½ m in home with father Michael, mother Louisa and sister Ellen

1920 census- age 39 in Providence, RI with Laoner and 4 daughters

If I can show that John E Cavanaugh aka Warren was born in 1880, then I think my version makes more sense. I think that I may have already shown this, but I’ll put it down again.

Two John Cavanaugh’s Born in Lowell

Above, the Cavanaugh researcher shows a John Cavanaugh born 4/3/1870. This is true, but I believe that this John died young. Here is John who died 13 May 1871 in Lowell:

This John  was born to Michael and Lizzie. Note how old he was at death. If I subtract one year, one month and 10 days from 13 May 1871, I get 3 April 1870 which was the day when John Kavanaugh was born.

The Chronology

  • Louisa Gately marries Michael Cavanaugh 1864
  • A Daughter Ellen is born to the couple in 1865
  • John W is born in 1870 but dies the next year.
  • Michael dies 1872
  • John E Warren aka Cavanaugh is born 1880 to widow Louisa Cavanaugh and likely widower John J Warren

This proves to me that Michael Cavanaugh cannot be the father of John E Cavanaugh. He was, however, the father of John W Cavanaugh who died 1871. I have evidence that John J Warren was the father of John E Cavanaugh. I’m quite convinced. A birth record would prove it for me.

The Tacy Line

I will get back to the Warren Line, but I want to look at the Tacy Line as I am stuck on this one.

Nellie H Tacy and Family

According to Nellie’s marriage record, she was born in Fort Covington, NY to Joseph and Phebe about 1861. Here is the Tacy family in Fort Covington in 1860:

Solomon and Margaret are the likely parents of Joseph and Phebe. Harriet Tacy is said to be born in NY, so that could put a date on when the family moved to NY.

Here is Nellie in 1889:

This is from a directory and the first record I have of Nellie right now. This means that Nellie made her way from Fort Covington, NY to Lowell, MA.

Here is the 1886 Lowell Directory:

This lists a Miss Peoebe Tacy. Perhaps this was Nellie’s mother and Nellie at age 25 could have been living with her mother. This same Phoebe was listed in the Lowell 1875-76 Directory:

This Phoebe is perhaps more accurately listed as Mrs Phoebe in 1875. The 1894 Lowell Directory shows no Tacy. Perhaps Phoebe moved away, passed away or was living with her now married daughter. I also see no Tacy in the 1870 Lowell Directory.

Here is perhaps the same Phebe in 1870:

If this is Phebe Tacy, the mother of Nellie Tacy, then where is Nellie who would be 9 by now?

A Boston Marriage Hint?

I found a marriage record for Alfred Joe Tacy. He married on 21 July 1892 in Boston. His parents are listed as Joe and Febey. He was 24 then and born in Malone, NY. Malone is about 15 miles from Fort Covington, NY:

I’ll assume for now that Alfred Joe is Nellie’s brother. There was an Alfred Tacy who died in Lowell in 1940.

I found another marriage for Alfred. Alfred remarried as a widower on 27 December 1899 in Boston. Now his parents are listed as Daniel J Tacy and Phoebe Sawyer. If this is who I think he is, I may have a last name for Phoebe. Perhaps Daniel J is Daniel Joseph. This Alfred was also born in Malone, NY. Whether or not Alfred can be considered Nellie’s brother depends on how many Joseph and Phoebe Tacy’s you think may have been in the area of Fort Covington and Malone, NY in the 1860’s. One possible scenario is that Joseph (or Daniel Joseph) Tacy could have had Ida and Nellie before the Civil War. He then comes home after serving in the Civil War and lives in Malone and has Alfred Joseph. Another factor in considering whether Daniel Joseph is a brother to Nellie is how accurate his marriage records are.

Ida Tacy

Ida is Nellie’s older sister. I found this on an Ancestry Tree:

 

This gives us a birth date and husband for Ida. Ida ended up in Chicago. This means Heather and JJ likely have Puterbaugh relatives somewhere.

Before I leave Nellie’s generation, here is one more Lowell City Directory entry for 1918:

Here Nellie is living with her husband and I assume her son Jeremiah at 58 Church Street, Lowell.

Daniel Joseph Tacy Born 1833 and Phoebe Sawyer Born 1842

My next goal is to try to find a marriage record for Daniel Joseph Tacy and Phoebe Sawyer. I got these names from the marriage record of Alfred Joe Tacy who I assume is Nellie Tacy’s brother.

Another Lowell Tacy Marriage Clue: Daniel Tacy

On 27 September 1870, I see this marriage record in Lowell:

Daniel was a 31 year old painter born in Canada. His parents were Solomon and Margaret Tacy. This of course, raises a lot of questions. This could make him the brother of Daniel Joseph Tacy. If he is the brother, then why does he have the same name? Perhaps the Daniel Joseph is really only Joseph. [Note: I show that to be the case later in the Blog.]

Harriet’s Lowell Marriage

Harriet Tacy shows up in the 1860 Fort Covington Census as the 17 year old daughter of Solomon and Margaret Tacy. Here she is 11 years later in Lowell getting married in 1871 at the age of 28:

There was definitely some connection going on between upstate New York and Lowell, MA. However, in this record, her father is listed as Sullivan Tacy. This makes me think that Harriet could have been in Lowell in 1870. Here is the 1870 Lowell Directory which should be reflective of 1869:

This is the same Daniel Tacy that married in 1870 in Lowell.

Moving Up a Generation To Solomon Tacy Born About 1806 and Margaret Born About 1809

I got stuck on Joseph or Daniel Joseph Tacy born about 1833, so I’ll look for his parents. Here is a much younger Solomon Tacy who married in Northampton in 1886:

He is listed as 19, so that would put his birth around 1867. He lists his birthplace as Dannemora, NY and his parents as Joseph and Delia Mitchell.

Solomon is a potential son of Joseph Joseph Tacy who was born about 1833. At any rate, this area of New York has many Tacy’s.

Solomon and Mary married in the Roman Catholic Church:

This means that Delia Mitchell and Phoebe could potentially be the same person. We can add this to the possibility that Phoebe is Phoebe Sawyer.

A Tacy – Tacy Marriage 1893

This looks to be the same Solomon marrying Elizabeth Tacy seven years after his first marriage:

The plot thickens. Now Solomon’s mother is Sophia and Elizabeth’s mother is Phoebe Riel. They are both from Dannemora, NY. These are all hints. I just don’t know if they are good hints or bad hints. I assume that Solomon and Elizabeth are related.

More Tacy’s In Northampton, MA 1880

Here is a household full of Northampton, MA Tacy’s in 1880:

Here Edward Tacy appears to be 51 or 57. That would mean he was born in the 1820’s. Ellen was born in 1868, so would not be the Nellie we are looking for. I would connect this family to the young Solomon above as Solomon worked in the silk mill also at the time of his first marriage. I have a lot of dots that need connecting. Edward’s mother Rose is 73 in 1880. That means that she was born about 1807. That means that she would be the right age to have been a sister-in-law to the elder Solomon:

What a mess.

Other Clues? WikiTree

I Googled Tacy Genealogy which lead me to WikiTree. WikiTree has this Joseph Tacy:

This Joseph Tacy is the son of Amable Tessier and Rose Luck. Perhaps this is the same Rose who was living in Northampton, MA in 1880. The problem is that I don’t see any Solomon Tacy. That is not necessarily a problem as I have no clear, convincing evidence that Solomon was the father of our Joseph other than Ancestry Trees.

Fortunately, this WikiTree entry has a reference that leads me to Geneanet:

This page is maintained by Giles in French and I used a translator function to put the headings into English. Unfortunately, Giles has this further information on Joseph Tacy:

Here is Mooers Forks where Giles has Joseph marrying:

So the above apparently links to Northampton and the family I found living there in 1880 but not to Heather and JJ’s Joseph Tacy.

More On Young Solomon

Young Solomon was the one who moved from Dannemara, NY to Northampton MA and then to Burlington, VT. Judith maintains a profile for Solomon at WikiTree:

This is all very interesting, but I am still having trouble connecting with the Tacy family in Fort Covington, NY.

Joseph Tacy/Tessier Birth Record Found

I finally put in a search for Joseph Tessier, born 1834 into Ancestry and found this record:

 

How is your French? This is the record that I have been looking for. This is for Joseph Claude Tessier. I think that this is St. Benoit:

Joseph Claude was baptized on the 20th of February 1834. Unfortunately, I am having trouble making out his mother’s name. It looks like Marguerite, but after that, I’m not sure. Also Joseph Claude looks a lot like Joseph Plaude. I see that Solomon was a cultivateur which would be a farmer. My guess at Marguerite’s last name is Barbary:

I am not familiar with that surname. I have heard of the Barbary Coast, but that is in North Africa.

After that is given the sponsor and godmother’s names.

That was the break that I was looking for. Now, I should be able to trace the Tessier line back through Canada and perhaps to France:

I am quite sure on the Tessier connection to Quebec. I’m not so sure on the Sawyer Line.

Summary and Conclusions

  • First I clarified and summarized my reasoning for having John Warren as the father of John Cavanaugh aka Warren.
  • Next, I looked into the Tacy family.
  • I looked at Tacy’s in Lowell and in Northampton, MA. I had some trouble in connecting the two families.
  • Many Tacy’s originate in upstate New York.
  • I saw that the Northampton branch of Tacy was from the Montreal area and were originally Tessier. I had assumed that Tacy was an Americanization of a French name.
  • I did a search for Joseph Tessier and found his birth record from St Benoit to the West of Montreal. This was the hump I needed to get over.
  • Next, it should be easier to trace the Tessier line back through Canada and perhaps to France.

 

 

 

Heather’s DNA at Gedmatch Genesis

This is my fourth Blog on my daughter Heather’s DNA. Here are the first three:

  1. A First Look at Heather’s DNA
  2. AutoClustering Heather’s DNA
  3. Heather’s Jarek DNA matches

Heather’s DNA at Genesis

Genesis is the new version of Gedmatch. I uploaded Heather’s DNA there for analysis. I am getting used to Genesis and Genesis is still being upgraded. Heather has three kits at Genesis. I uploaded her DNA from AncestryDNA, then I made two more kits for her. These nest two kits separate out her paternal DNA and her maternal DNA based on my DNA.

Heather’s Maternal Matches

Because I know a lot about my genealogy and DNA matches, I would like to look at Heather’s maternal side matches. Fortunately, Heather’s first four matches (after matching herself) are matches that I discussed in my previous Blog on the Jarek Family. When I look at Heather’s maternal DNA compared to everyone at Genesis, here are the top 5 matches:

The first match is Heather’s maternal side matching with all her DNA. Here is where Heather matches the other four on the list:

Heather and her first four matches have as a common ancestor Joseph Jarek and Marianna Ras.

DNAPainter

It is possible to paint these four matches to Heather using a web utility called DNAPainter. DNAPainter is quite easy to use. I set up a profile for Heather. Here is her blank canvas:

I just told DNA Painter Heather’s name and that she was female. DNA Painter wants to know if Heather is female so it can give her two X Chromosomes.

First, I painted in Heather’s match with Robert:

The common ancestors are Jarek and Ras and they appear on Heather’s maternal side chromosomes in yellow. I painted in the other three matches who appear to be siblings and got this:

That brings Heather up to 2% painted with 26 segment. That 2% includes her paternal and maternal side, so that would be more painted on just her maternal side.

Painting Heather’s Paternal Side

The fastest way to paint in Heather’s paternal side is to paint in her match with my mother:

This quickly gets Heather up to 26% painted. Heather’s X Chromosome should be all blue but for some reason she has a gap in the middle. I added some more paternal matches and got this:

This gets Heather up to 34% painted. Heather’s paternal side is 63% painted and her maternal side is 5% painted.

Betty at Genesis

Heather’s first maternal match after the known yellow Jarek matches painted is Betty. This looks to be Betty’s tree at Ancestry:

I’m skeptical of finding a match with Heather’s tree, but I’ll try Here is the tree I came up with:

I feel as though the connection may be with Annie Parson who was born in England – probably Lancashire County. But I don’t have a solid connection.

Summary and Conclusions

  • I was able to find Heather’s top AncestryDNA Jarek matches at Gedmatch Genesis.
  • I mapped these matches to Joseph Jarek and Marya Ras.
  • I also mapped many of Heather’s paternal matches using DNA Painter.
  • I tried figuring out how Heather’s first unknown match at Gedmatch Genesis fits in. I suspect that it is through Lancashire, England, but I haven’t made an exact connection.

 

 

 

 

AutoClustering My Daughter’s DNA

In my previous post, I took an initial look at Heather’s DNA. In this Blog, I’d like to look at AutoClustering Heather’s DNA. AutoClustering puts Heather’s AncestryDNA matches into groups or clusters. Then those clusters are grouped together. This makes it easy to see which matches go where.

Heather’s AutoCluster

Based on Heather’s number of 4th cousin matches or closer at Ancestry, I chose a lower limit of 20 cM and an upper limit of 600 cM. 20 cM is the limit AncestryDNA uses for 4th cousin matches.  Currently, Heather has 297 in that category.

Here are Heather’s 41 Clusters:

Some of these Clusters will be on her maternal side and some on Heather’s paternal side. The clusters with gray dots between them mean that these groups of matches match each other.

Heather has 283 matches in these clusters minus 22 that didn’t fit into any cluster.

Let’s Identify Some of Heather’s Clusters: Her Highest Matches

AutoCluster puts Heather’s clusters in the order of the match level. So the highest match in a cluster shows first. I’ll creat a spreadsheet for Heather:

This mimics the way AutoCluster lists its clusters with the highest match in the cluster listed first. I can recognize some of these names right away.

D.J. is a close relation to Heather on her mother’s side. I have not yet identified anyone on Heather’s maternal grandmother Cavanaugh side.

Next, I’ll sort by cluster, to get a skeleton for Heather’s clusters:

This brings me down to Cluster 21 or 22. I only identified one Jarek Cluster, but based on the gray dots between clusters, the Jarek or Polish relatives appear to go down as far as Cluster 14. I should have included Wozniak in those clusters.

The Bigger Picture

This shows that we have some gaps to fill in between clusters 23 and 39. I’m looking to locate some Cavanaugh ancestors. Clusters 23-39 would be one place to find them.

Cluster 32 – Cavanaugh Side?

I will be happy to find someone from Heather’s Cavanaugh grandmother side. Glenn from Cluster 32 has a tree:

I’d like to match Glenn’s tree above to Heather’s tree:

Ancestry puts Glenn and Heather at estimated 4th cousins. That means that if Heather and Glenn are in the same generation, then they will need to go back to Heather’s column starting with Jeremiah Warren and one row past where Glenn has gone.

I tried building out Glenn’s tree, but couldn’t find a connection to Heather’s tree. I think that I was on the right track as another person in the Cluster has a common ancestor with Julius Lafantasie and Emma Chamberland. So, no luck right now with Cluster 32.

Cluster 35

As I go down the clusters, I notice some match me or my siblings, so they are likely Hartley Clusters:

Donna has a 10 person tree in Cluster 35. Let’s see if that tree leads anywhere familiar.

Summary and Conclusions

  • Using Clusters, I was able to identify specific regions for three out of four of Heather’s grandparents
  • I had trouble pinning down Heather’s Cavanaugh grandmother side.
  • Once Ancestry has a chance to analyze Heather’s tree, it may make it’s own suggestions as to her Cavanaugh side.
  • One issue with the AutoClustering is that it requires you to build out a lot of trees to try to find connections. Then once the trees are built out it is very rare that a connection is made.

 

 

 

A First Look At My Daughter’s DNA

I recently got an AncestryDNA kit for my daughter Heather and son JJ. My daughter’s results came in first and she gave me access to her results. The first thing that I did was to link my tree to her results.

That way Ancestry can figure out where the matches are between Heather’s tree and her DNA matches.

What I’m Looking For

  • I now have my mother’s DNA, and mine. With Heather, I’ll have a better look at how DNA is inherited down through three generations.
  • Heather has some Polish ancestry which is different than mine. It will be interesting to see how that shows up in the DNA.
  • I have been working on Heather and JJ’s maternal genealogy. One of the lines came out differently than expected and I wanted to see if the DNA confirms that. Also I want to see if the DNA helps in other areas of their maternal genealogy.

So I’m looking for quite a bit.

Heather’s Ethnicity

At first blush, I don’t see any special indication of Polish:

Perhaps Polish fits into Heather’s 26% Germanic Europe.

I pressed ‘Discover Your DNA Story’, and saw this:

I never see that big blue blob on my ethnicity. That refers to Eastern Europe and Russia. Heather has 17% of that. That must be from her Polish Dziadziu. I had to look that one up:

The Polish name for grandfather is dziadek, used when speaking about one’s grandfather. It is pronounced “jah-deck.” Dziadziu, sometimes spelled dziadzio, is used when speaking to one’s grandfather. It is pronounced “jah-goo.”

Theoretically, Heather is 1/4 Polish, however, the DNA can vary and perhaps Dziadziu had some other non-Polish mixed in with his ancestry.

Also above there is a sub-group called Northern England & the Midlands. My father’s side has ancestors from there. Also Heather has some ancestors on her mother’s side from that part of England.

Migration Routes

On my Ethnicity Report, there is also a section for Migration Routes. This does not show up for Heather as I just linked her to an ancestral tree this morning. Here is what I show:

This basically shows how my ancestors migrated from Europe to North America. It uses ancestral trees for that. For example, my mother’s German ancestors migrated from Germany to Philadelphia. Some of my father’s ancestors came over on the Mayflower and some came to Massachusetts later from Lancashire County in England.

Heather’s Genealogy

This is what I have so far:

Jarek is Heather’s Polish side. The controversial part is where Cavanaugh goes to Warren on the tree. I’d like to see if Heather shows any Warren DNA.

Heather’s DNA Matches

Heather has no Shared Ancestor Hints (SAHs). It will take a while for Ancestry to figure these out. These are based on Heather’s tree also. These hints show when Heather shows a common ancestor with a DNA match.

Heather has 297 4th cousins or closer. These are estimated to be 4th cousins or closer based on the level of Heather’s DNA matches.

Heather’s Match List

Heather’s first category is under Parent/Child. She shows me there. Ancestry can tell we are in this category from the amount of DNA we share. The next category is close family. Here Heather shares more DNA than she would with a 1st cousin. In the Close Family category are my siblings, Heather’s Aunts and Uncles and my mother – Heather’s grandmother. Heather has one person in her 1st cousin category. Justin recently took an AncestryDNA test.

Heather’s Second Cousins

This is where the list gets more interesting.

These are Heather’s top 5 matches in the 2nd Cousin Category. Cindy is my 1st cousin, so she is Heather’s 1st cousin once removed. D.J. and H.G. are people I don’t know, so they must be on Heather’s maternal side. S.W. is my second cousin, so Heather’s 2nd cousin once removed. Joyce is my father’s 1st cousin, so would be Heather’s 1st cousin twice removed.

D.J. and H.G.

D.J. doesn’t have a tree, so I don’t know how he is related to Heather. Perhaps the J is for Jarek? However, when I look at D.J.’s shared matches, one of those shared matches is H.G. That means that D.J. and H.G. are related.

Here is H.G.’s tree:

 

Ancestry shows that H.G. and Heather share Jarek and Wozniak. Ancestry knows this already, because I just linked Heather to a tree. One confusing thing is that H.G.’s profile shows as a female but H.G. in the above tree shows as male. Francis Jarek and Antonina Wozniak are H.G.’s grandparents. These two are Heather’s great-grandparents. That means that Heather and H.G. are 1st cousins, once removed. My guess would be the same for D.J. Heather or I could get in touch with D.J. to find out.

Comparing Heather and H.G.’s Ethnicity

If I push the Compare button for Heather’s DNA match H.G., I get this:

This shows that H.G. hasn’t updated her ethnicity report. She still has the old estimates.

This shows that H.G. is 98% Eastern Europe and Russian. I take that to mean that H.G. is almost all Polish and Heather is much less so.

Downloading Heather’s DNA

Next, I’d like to download Heather’s DNA. Ancestry doesn’t have a way to look at the individual chromosomes for comparison, so I have to download Heather’s DNA for that.

Once I have downloaded Heather’s DNA, I can upload it to Gedmatch Genesis. This used to be plain Gedmatch. I uploaded Heather’s DNA to Genesis and it gave me a PW number to identify Heather.

Heather and Her Grandmother At Genesis

It takes a while for Heather’s DNA to ‘tokenize’ at Genesis. After this happens, Heather will have a list of matches with other relatives who have uploaded their DNA to Gedmatch or Genesis from different DNA testing companies. Right now I can make single comparisons. I can compare myself to Heather, but that will just show that we match everywhere. That is because Heather has a maternal and paternal copy of her chromosomes. Naturally, she got all her paternal part from me. However, Heather got about one half of her paternal chromosomes from my mom:

This shows that Heather doesn’t match her grandma on Chromosome 17, but does match her all the way across on Chromosomes 19-21. On Chromosomes 18 and 22, Heather matches her paternal grandmother for parts and doesn’t on other parts. Why is that? Heather must match her paternal grandfather in the black areas.

Crossovers Or Recombination Points

The spot where Heather’s DNA goes from her grandmother’s DNA to her grandfather’s DNA is called a crossover or recombination point. When Heather’s DNA was formed, her dad’s maternal and paternal DNA split up and recombined to make Heather’s DNA. The same happened with Heather’s mom. Heather had no paternal recombination on Chromosomes 17 and 19-21. This is normal on the higher-numbered shorter chromosomes. This means that though Heather got her DNA from her mom and dad, it is made up from the recombination of the DNA from her four grandparents.

There were over 400,000 SNPs used to make the comparison. These SNPs are Heather’s individual DNA markers that I downloaded from Ancestry.

Other Cool Things To Do With Heather’s DNA

This is the introduction. There are other cool things to do:

  • Though it is difficult to do with just two siblings, it is possible to use visual phasing to map out how Heather and JJ got their DNA from their four grandparents but comparing their DNA results to each other.
  • It is possible to use a program called DNAPainter to map out Heather’s matches on her chromosomes.
  • AutoCluster looks at Heather’s AncestryDNA matches and clusters them according to how they match each other. This does not required the detailed chromosome information from Genesis.
  • I haven’t looked at DNA to confirm Heather’s genealogy except for two close maternal relatives.
  • I’ll be able to create a maternally phased and paternally phased kit for Heather at Genesis. This will show which of Heather’s matches are on my side and which ones are on her mom’s side.